Constructing an image of the United States in the British and French editorials about WikiLeaks

The Journal of International Communication. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/13216597.2018.1492432

Abstract: In today’s globalized world a country’s image is an important consideration because it can influence that country’s politics and economy (Shimko, 1991;Viosca et al., 2005). Scholars have noted that the news media are considered to be major players in creating national images and swaying public perception of foreign countries (Entman, 2008; Golan & Lee, 2004). The present study examined United States’ image typologies in news editorials in Britain and France. Using image theory as a theoretical foundation, this present study employed in-depth qualitative thematic analysis of editorials in The Guardian and Le Monde covering the release of classified U.S. diplomatic cables by WikiLeaks. The overarching U.S. image revealed by editorials did not exactly fit in with the normative images of ally, enemy, complex, imperialist, and colonial/dependent. It did, however, approach the complex image that entailed elements of the ally and imperial image.

Ivanka Pjesivac 

Related Research


Communication rituals, alternative media regimes and enactments of participatory journalism in rural ‘news deserts’ in Georgia

Abstract: “News deserts’ are defined as communities with inadequate access to news sources (Abernathy, 2018; Stites, 2011). In an environment increasingly polarized, with social media platforms that support the spread of dis- und misinformation, these gaps in coverage put a strain on democratic processes (Lloyd & Friedland, 2016; McChesney, 2015; Nielsen & Levy, 2010; Pickard, […]

Karin Assmann
read more
Lügenpresse: The lying press and German journalists’ responses to a stigma.

Abstract: The term Lügenpresse, ‘lying press’, was used by the German National Socialist Party before and during the Third Reich to discredit the news media and to undermine public trust. By 2014, reports of verbal and physical attacks on journalists and news organizations by individuals calling them Lügenpresse, had again become a frequent feature of […]

Karin Assmann
read more