Routine and individual-level influences on newspaper front-page images: Wire photographs, staff photojournalism, race and gender

Journalism Practice.

Abstract: This study uncovers routine and individual-level influences upon the content of U.S. front-page images. This examination is justified by a news-image environment increasingly dominated by a small number of central agencies and with a lack of photojournalist diversity. At the routine level, differences are assessed based on whether images are taken by an on-staff photojournalist or a wire photographer. At the individual level, differences are assessed based on the photographer’s race and gender. The visual content studied includes three general categories: photojournalistic news values (presence of people, activity of persons of people in the image, whether eye contact is portrayed, emotional hierarchy, and topic), representation (race and gender of people or persons in the image), and visual elevation (circulation of the image in which the image appears, image usage, and image topic). Results of the study show a number of significant routine-level differences, but fewer differences based on the individual characteristics of the photojournalist, which primarily pertain to the representation of subjects.

Kyser Lough 

Related Research


Richer solutions journalism through multi-semiotic news storytelling

Kyser Lough. “Richer solutions journalism through multi-semiotic news storytelling,” extended abstract accepted for presentation at the 19 Oct 2022 ECREA pre-conference: Constructive Journalism: Where are we now and what are […]

Kyser Lough
read more
Panel debate: Trends and developments in the research in constructive journalism

Karen McIntyre, Nicole Dahmen, Kyser Lough, Cathrine Gyldensted and Ulrik Haagerup. Panel debate: Trends and developments in the research in constructive journalism. Networks and future collaboration? Invited panelist for the closing […]

Kyser Lough
read more