Connectivity and Freedom

Cynthia English, Elizabeth Steele, Lee B. Becker and Tudor Vlad, Connectivity and Freedom: Exploring the Relationship between Internet Access, Freedom of the Net, and Media Freedom, presented to the Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, November 20-21, 2015.

Abstract: This paper compares data on Internet connectivity gathered by the Gallup World Poll against data from the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication. The ITU indicator is an individual measure and is based on official governmental reports. The Gallup indicator from survey data asked about Internet access at a household level. The paper also examines the relationship between Internet access and Internet freedom. The Gallup survey data and the ITU data are highly correlated. The relationship between Internet access and Internet freedom is a more modest one.

Lee B. Becker  Tudor Vlad 

Related Research


How Politicians Dodge Questions and How They Get Caught: Strategies for Political Campaigns, Journalists, and Voters

Masterclass virtual – Escuela de Comunicación, Universidad Panamericana, Campus Guadalajara (Zapopan, Jalisco), México – Sept. 20, 2021

David Clementson
read more
What does it mean to have a presidential image? A multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis measuring Trump and Biden in 2020.

Abstract: U.S. presidential candidates aspire to have a “presidential image.” Political communication researchers, media pundits, political scientists, pollsters, campaign consultants, and other political marketers speculate about who is “presidential” and […]

David ClementsonTong Xie
read more