Framing of GMOs in American media and its effects on attitudes, behaviors, and news perceptions.

Abstract: This study used a multi-method approach to examine the framing of GMOs in two American newspapers, The New York Times and the Washington Post (2000-2016), and to test the impact of risk and opportunity framing on attitudes, behaviors regarding GMOs, and perceptions of news credibility. The results of the content analysis (N = 165) showed that two newspapers did not have a dominant frame type in their coverage, but that their articles contained both risk and opportunity statements. The results of a randomized three-condition experiment (N = 182) showed that the type of framing not only significantly impacted individuals’ attitudes, but was also able to change them. In addition, the type of framing impacted individuals’ behavioral intentions and news credibility perceptions, but was not able to significantly impact actual behavior. The results are discussed in light of framing theories.

Otherization of Africa: How American media framed people with HIV/AIDS in Africa from 1987 to 2017.

Abstract: This study examined otherization framing of people living with HIV/AIDS in Africa in American print news from 1987-2007. The results of a content analysis of a representative sample of news articles from three outlets (N=421) show that American media overwhelmingly used otherization frames throughout the 20-year period, resulting in a large percentage of negatively toned coverage in American newspaper reporting of the topic on the African continent. The study represents the first attempt to quantify otherization framing of Africa in HIV/AIDS context. The implications for international reporting and theory are discussed.