Routine and individual-level influences of newspaper front-page images: A study of wire photographs, staff photojournalism, race and gender

Abstract: Influences upon the visual content of US front pages are assessed at two levels. At the routine-level, visual differences are compared based on whether photographs are taken by on-staff photojournalists or are wire-provided. At the individual-level, differences are assessed based on the photographer’s race and gender. This study uncovers visual implications of fewer staff photojournalists in present day newspapers, a news image environment increasingly dominated by a small number of central agencies, and the visual consequences brought about by more or less diverse photojournalists.