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Inside the Bellotti Court William E. Lee

Abstract: No publishing company has ever been denied First Amendment protection because it was incorporated. In First National Bank of Boston v. Bellotti, however, the Supreme Court confronted for the first time questions about the impact of corporate identity on the First Amendment protections available to non-media businesses. This Article explains why Justice Powell’s opinion […]

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The Conscience of Corporations and the Right Not to Speak William E. Lee

Abstract: Despite the fact that corporations do not have consciences, in recent years the Supreme Court has been presented with the question of whether restrictions on the actions of a corporation abridge the First Amendment conscience rights of shareholders.  Although the Court in Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission sidestepped that question, in another […]

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