Toni G.L.A. van der Meer (PI) and Yan Jin (Co-PI). “Misinformation in Times of Crisis,” funded by the Amsterdam School of Communication Research (€3,080), University of Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2017.
Abstract: In times of crisis, when information spreads fast and the public need for information is at its highest, misinformation can play a crucial role in the understanding of a crisis and how it develops. This raises questions about the challenge of correcting opinions and beliefs based on misinformation and how these incorrect perceptions can intensive the crisis and its impact. So far, crisis communication research and research on misinformation have not yet found common ground. This study aims to bridge these two fields of research by experimentally testing the effect of misinformation and corrective information. To test the role of multiple actors (e.g., organization central to the crisis, news media, members of the public), this empirical study compares the effect of the source of information in combination with type of misinformation and corrective information in the context of a crisis and aims to expose the cognitive and affective mechanisms behind the effect of misinformation.
Abstract: Participants (N=88) in a two-condition (Facebook post information level: high vs. low) mixed factorial design took part in a laboratory experiment that utilized eye tracking to gauge what areas of the page in common news layouts attract viewers’ gaze, and whether this viewing amount of information about the story disclosed in the Facebook posts. […]
Bartosz WojdynskiCamila EspinaKate KeibJennifer MalsonHyejin BangYen-I Lee
Image and framing effects on perceptions of self-efficacy and body satisfaction
Abstract: This study, in the context of encouraging participants to enroll in a company’s employee wellness program, uses gain-loss framing (Rothman & Salovey, 1997) and social comparison theory (Festinger, 1954) to examine the effects of messages on participant perceptions of self-efficacy for maintaining a healthy weight, consuming healthful foods and body satisfaction. A 2 (framing: […]